Standard Platform League

Standard Platform League (SPL)

In the Standard Platform League, soccer is played with a standardized robot platform, i.e. all teams use the same hardware and only differ in the software they develop. For the eighth time at the RoboCup German Open, the humanoid robot NAO, manufactured by the company Softbank Robotics, is used as standard platform.

NAO is equipped with up to 25 actuated joints. In its head, two cameras are integrated for perceiving the environment. In its chest, sonar sensors measure distances and gyroscopes and accelerometers allow determining the torso’s pose. In the feet there are sensors to measure ground contact and the contact with the ball. Teams of five robots play against each other on a 9 x 6 m² sized field. The robots are completely autonomous. However, through Wi-Fi, they can communicate with each other and receive the decisions of the referee.

In 2017 there were two main innovations: The robots played on artificial grass instead of carpet and the lighting conditions were not fixed anymore, i.e. games could be held next to large windows, resulting, e. g., in sunlight casting directly on the field. The artificial grass is a big challenge for the walking motions of the robots. The variable lighting requires new solutions to exposure control of the cameras and for image processing.

B-Human, Universität Bremen und Deutsches Forschungszentrum für Künstliche Intelligenz (Germany)
Bembelbots, Goethe University Frankfurt (Germany)
Berlin United - Nao Team Humboldt, Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin (Germany)
HULKs, Hamburg University of Technology (Germany)
Luxembourg United, University of Luxembourg (SnT) (Luxembourg)
Nao Devils, TU Dortmund (Germany)
Nao-Team HTWK, HTWK Leipzig (Germany)
nomadZ, ETH Zurich (Switzerland)
SPQR Team, Sapienza University of Rome (Italy)

Live Stream

Have a look at the SPL games in the archive of the Live Stream.


see the game schedule

Final Results

Final results of this league

League Chair

Dr. Thomas Röfer (DFKI Bremen)